Gasunie hydrogen pipeline from Dow to Yara now in use

animatie gws waterstof yara-dow

The project of the hydrogen pipeline between Dow Terneuzen and Yara Sluiskil initiated by the Smart Delta Resources partnership, has been realized and the pipeline has been put into operation. The hydrogen symbiosis between these two companies is unique in several respects and is an example of how a circular economy can be shaped by companies in practice. The pipeline was partly realized through funds from the green deal of the province of Zeeland, which was signed in April 2016 by the various partners in this project.

  • The transport of hydrogen between Dow Benelux and Yara is now underway
  • First Gasunie transport pipeline made suitable for transporting hydrogen
  • Decrease in energy consumption: 0.15 PJ per year; similar to the annual gas consumption of 3,000 households. CO2 saving 10,000 tons

This is the first time that an existing main gas pipeline has been adapted for the transport of hydrogen. Hydrogen for industrial use is exchanged through the pipeline via a gas transport pipeline that is no longer in use. The underground transport via the gas network ensures the efficient and safe transport of hydrogen.

The 12-kilometer-long hydrogen pipeline, on which agreements were signed in March 2018 between DowYaraICL-IP and Gasunie Hydrogen Services, has been put into operation. Last summer the connections at Dow and Yara were made and the gas transport pipeline was adjusted on a few points to make it suitable for transporting hydrogen. The pipeline was then filled with hydrogen. The pipeline is now used on a commercial basis for transporting more than four kilotons of hydrogen per year. There are plans to also transport hydrogen to ICL-IP at a later date.

Anton van Beek, Area President Benelux, UK and Nordic:

“Promoting a circular economy by closing commodity chains is one of Dow's spearheads. This special project from the Smart Delta Resources platform, is proof that cross-sector cooperation from the region contributes towards a sustainable society. "

Michael Schlaug, general manager/ plant manager of Yara Sluiskil:

“This project is an excellent example of cooperation between regional industry and companies. It is one step further in energy transition." 

Gasunie CEO Han Fennema:

”This hydrogen pipeline marks an important point in our history. It is the first time that an existing gas transport pipeline has been made suitable for transporting a gas other than natural gas.”

Gas infrastructure plays a connecting and facilitating role in the energy transition. In the future, we will increasingly transport other energy carriers through our pipelines, such as hydrogen and green gas. As an independent grid operator, we can connect and transport hydrogen from various suppliers to the large industrial clusters in the Netherlands. In 2030, this network could have a capacity of 10 Gigawatt or more”, says Fennema.

Decrease in energy consumption & CO2 saving

Hydrogen gas from the Dow cracking plant flows through the hydrogen pipeline in Zeeland and is used as a raw material for high-quality Yara products. ICL-IP has also received a connection to the pipeline for future purchase of hydrogen from the pipeline. Hydrogen transport via the pipeline results in a decrease in energy consumption of initially 0.15 petajoules (PJ) per year, which corresponds to the annual gas consumption of approximately 3,000 households. In addition, it already delivers a CO2 saving of 10,000 tons, with a prospect of upscaling.

Green Deal ‘Hydrogen for the region’

The collaboration is part of the Industrial Cooperation for sustainable growth within the Smart Delta Resources platform, which is facilitated by the Zeeland development company NV Economische Impuls Zeeland (Impuls), the port company North Sea Port and the provinces of Zeeland and East Flanders. To this end, in 2016 the cooperating parties signed the Green Deal 'Hydrogen for the region' of which the use of this pipeline is the first result.


At the beginning of next year, the use of the pipeline will be officially launched with a mini-symposium. The press will be invited to attend. More details will follow at a later date.