The ambitious Hydrogen Delta Program aims to make industry more sustainable by phasing out grey hydrogen to blue hydrogen (CCS) and green hydrogen (solar, wind). In addition, efforts are being made to use yellow hydrogen (import) and, when appropriate, orange hydrogen (nuclear). In doing so, this program also aspires to position the region as the largest hydrogen cluster in the Netherlands, Flanders and Europe. This is to be done by producing green hydrogen on a large scale, consuming it locally and importing and exporting it. The next step is to implement the kick-start of green hydrogen pilots. Hydrogen Delta is a joint program between the SDR partners Arcelor Mittal, Dow, Engie, Fluxys, Gasunie, Ørsted, Province of East Flanders, Province of Zeeland, PZEM, North Sea Port, SDR, Yara and Zeeland Refinery. The Hydrogen Delta program has been made possible in part by a subsidy from the Province of Zeeland under the ‘Zeeland in Stroomversnelling’ subsidy scheme. Preliminary studies and explorations have already taken place.
By producing, consuming, importing and exporting green hydrogen on a large scale, we want to become the largest hydrogen cluster in the Benelux and Europe.
With an industrial consumption of no less than 580 ktonnes of H2 per year, the SDR region has the largest regional consumption of hydrogen in the Benelux. As early as 2018, the SDR region opted to develop the hydrogen transition path. The region is the largest hydrogen producer and consumer in the Netherlands and Flanders; the large-scale production and demand for industrial hydrogen has a growth potential of more than 1 Mton/year by 2050. This puts the region in a strong starting position for large-scale, rapid implementation of green hydrogen production. The close cooperation between industry, port and governments allows for the direct application of hydrogen as a raw material (within the chemical and refining industries). The SDR already has a large-scale, flexible range of steam reformers (SMRs) to "smooth out" unstable green hydrogen output from electrolysers. The oxygen (O2) produced during electrolysis can also be sold locally to steel giant ArcelorMittal, Zeeland Refinery, Dow and Yara, among others.
Milestones with timeline:
• Several green hydrogen kick-start locations (on a ~ 100-200 MW scale) in the port area (2025).
• Development of local hydrogen infrastructure in the Terneuzen - Ghent port area (2030)
• Continued growth of 3 kick-start locations (Zeeland Refinery, Sloe and Rodenhuize) to large-scale hydrogen production locations on a ~ GW scale (2030).
• Connection to Gasunie's national hydrogen infrastructure (from 2028).
• Development of North Sea Port as a strategic hydrogen hub for the import, storage, use and transit of hydrogen (yellow hydrogen) (from 2030).